Jane Austen (16 December 1775 — 18 July 1817) was an English novelist and novelist. Her novels include Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility. Jane Austen wrote her first novel, entitled First Impressions, when she was 21. She contacted a publisher to publish it, to no avail. In the same year, she began writing Elinor and Marianne again, and later Northanger Abbey, which was completed in 1799. More than a decade later, First Impressions was rewritten as Pride and Prejudice, and Elinor and Marianne”was rewritten as Sense and Sensibility, and each was published. As for Northanger Abbey, the author did not publish a book before her death. These three are Austen’s early works, written in her hometown of Steventon. Her later works were also three: Mansfield Park, Emma and Persuasion, all written after the author moved to Chawton. The first two were published successively. Only Persuasion, which was completed in 1816, had to be rewritten because the author was not satisfied with the original ending, and was not published. After her death, her brother, Henry Austen, published Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, and for the first time assumed the real name of Jane Austen.
Jane Austen was born in December 1775 in Steventon, Hampshire, among eight children. Her father was a rector there for more than forty years. He was a learned priest, and his wife came from a relatively wealthy family and had a certain amount of culture. Therefore, although Austen did not go to a formal school, the good conditions of her family and the reading environment provided her with the conditions for self-study and cultivated her interest in writing. She began to write at the age of thirteen or fourteen, showing her aptitude for language. When his father retired in 1800, the family moved to Bath, a place Austen did not like and was said to have suffered from depression. Here Austen rejects the proposal of a young man who will inherit a fortune because she does not love him. After living there for about four years, when her father died, Austen, her mother and sister moved again to Southampton in 1809. At the beginning of 1816, she became seriously ill and became increasingly weak. In May 1817, she was sent to Winchester for medical treatment, but the treatment failed and she died in her sister’s arms on July 18 of the same year. She never married and was buried in Winchester Cathedral.