Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe

The islands in the book are really England in the author’s heart. Before the Renaissance, the environment of the British Isles was so free and fascinating that with the advent of industry, the island’s calm was broken, with the clanging of machines and the clanging of men. Therefore, in addition to Robinson’s enterprising spirit, another factor that attracts readers to this novel is the free environment of the island — the independent space away from the hustle and bustle and industrial civilization.

Robinson’s experience on the island represents the dream in people’s hearts — that people can create their own ideal paradise on earth with their own hands. The author not only gives a gripping description of Robinson’s adventures and hardships, but also, more importantly, as a typical writer with emerging bourgeois consciousness, he raises people’s diligence, courage, wisdom and creative ability to an unprecedented height in his works, affirming the value of human beings.

He firmly believes that, as the spirit of all things, human beings have the ability to overcome difficulties, conquer nature, and finally reach the shore of victory. From the perspective of post-colonial criticism, the interpretation of colonial literature to the outside world is often narrated through the identities of colonists and explorers, among which Daniel Defoe’s novel is a typical example.

In the form of allegory, this book reproduces the process of colonial development and construction of colonial empire by the early British colonialism and imperialism in their overseas expansion. This novel is a classic text that adapts to the new development trend of western history and culture. From the creative labor of human beings, the great role of human ability is further seen, so as to promote human intelligence and labor creativity, and deny the absurd theory that God is omnipotent and that God creates everything.

Through 27 years of arduous experience in Robinson Crusoe, the work symbolically shows the basic trajectory of human development, thus putting forward the theme of the times that labor creates history. On the face of it, this is an adventure novel, with a simple plot. However, if the theory of post-colonial criticism is used to interpret, this novel reflects the thoughts of colonialism. The protagonist of this novel is a typical bourgeois colonialist who settles on a desert island and colonizes it. He not only controlled the whole island, but also conquered his companions. This novel calls for the study of the colonial content, in fact, from every aspect of this novel colonial tendency can be seen.

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