Are you a grammar fanatic? Are you annoyed when people, including adults, mix up their grammar? Well, Grammar Girl by Mignon Fogarty, a book exploring the surfaces and depths of grammar and writing, is much more than a grammar book. And more than likely, it is right for you. It offers easy-to-understand rules of conduct to live by as a writer, or in your case, a blogger. Throughout this book, easy lessons are explained through quick and dirty tips. I learned everything from gerunds to objective versus subjective pronouns to complicated conjugations.
The basic definition of a gerund is a noun made from an action verb plus an ‘ing’ at the end. Every gerund, without exception, ends in ‘ing’. Gerunds are not, however, that easy to locate. For example, a name of a profession counts. Like, ‘Acting isn’t as easy as it looks.’ In this case acting is the gerund and is functioning like a noun, yet it sounds like a verb. Here’s another one: ‘Her singing almost deafened me.’ Singing is the gerund because it is referring to the act of her singing as an object or an idea. But, we’re not done yet. In most cases, gerunds need a possessive or objective pronoun much like some words need linking verbs. It can be pretty easy to make the mistake of saying ‘We didn’t know that was his singing.’ This sentence could mean we couldn’t tell if what he was doing was singing or if he was making some other noise. That was a possessive pronoun, but to clarify the true meaning of these types of sentences, sometimes you need to use a possessive pronoun. This is the correct sentence: ‘We didn’t know this was him singing.’
In sixth grade, your English teacher probably taught you about basic conjugation. In addition to these, there are progressive and perfect progressive. Learning these are essential to speaking correctly and formally. Progressive means that the action is ongoing, progressing, or will be progressing. (You can see chart below for the progressive and the perfect progressive.) Then, perfect progressive is when the action has progressed for a while before it ended or it will end. Perfect progressive uses the words like ‘has been’ or ‘had been’.
I would definitely rate this book a 10/10 for its complete guide on grammar and tips to keep your writing in shape. In addition to Grammar Girl, I also would recommend checking out some of Mignon Fogarty’s online resources as well. She has a podcast, a website (http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/grammar-girl), and several books for you to explore and love just as I did with this one.
– Maya S., 7th grade
Grammar Girl is available for check out from the Mission Viejo Public Library.
|PROGRESSIVE(also called incomplete and continuous)||EXAMPLE||MEANING OF SENTENCE|
|Past progressive||Jack was walking.||At some point in the past, Jack was in the middle of a walk, but we don’t know when he stopped or if he did.|
|Present progressive||Jack is walking.||Jack is in the middle of a walk.|
|Future progressive||Jack will be walking.||Jack will walk in the future– and walk and walk. Who knows when it will end?|
|PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (also called perfect continuous)||EXAMPLE||MEANING OF SENTENCE|
|Past perfect progressive||Jack had been walking.||At some point in the past, Jack started walking and did so for a while, but now it’s over.|
|Present perfect progressive||Jack has been walking.||Jack started walking sometime in the past, and he is still walking.|
|Future perfect progressive||Jack will have been walking.||Jack will walk until a specific point in the future, and then he will stop.|